Haematology is a branch of medicine and a subspecialty of internal medicine. It focuses on the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases that can cause abnormalities in the blood and its various components, which include the blood cells, blood proteins, hemoglobin, platelets, and blood vessels, as well as the organs that are responsible for producing blood, namely the bone marrow and the spleen.
Doctors who specialize in this branch of medicine are called haematologists, who have received two to three years of specialized training in haematology after they completed their medical degree, internship, and residency.
The routine responsibilities of a haematologist include:
In treating patients, haematologist can:
Patients should see a haematologist if they are diagnosed with any of the blood disorders listed below:
Hemolytic anemia, or when the body produces red blood cells that are too fragile and ruptures prematurely
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), or when the blood vessels are not fully developed
For the treatment of blood cancers, the patient's treatment team will include both a haematologist and an oncologist.
These disorders may cause symptoms such as:
There are various possible causes of blood disorders. Some of them are inherited diseases, whereas others, such as cancer, are acquired.
Many blood disorders can cause serious health risks and can even lead to fatal results when left untreated. Clotting disorders, for one, can cause blood obstructions and related complications, such as pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, or medical emergencies such as stroke and a heart attack. They may also cause excessive, uncontrollable bleeding after a patient suffers from an injury, making the condition more serious and dangerous than when it affects an otherwise healthy individual. In fact, these disorders can make even minor cuts, dental procedures, or even vaccinations dangerous for the patients.
Haematologists can help prolong the life of his patients by treating or even preventing blood disorders and their complications. They can also provide long-term care and management for patients who have chronic blood disorders.